The impact of the Arab Culture on European Renaissance
The great cultural debt we now have for Islam since we, Christians, used, in this millenium, to go to Islamic capitals and to Moslem teachers to understand from them arts, sciences, and also the philosophy of human life ought to always be brought to mind. Amongst this will be our classical heritage which Islam preserved within the best way possible until Europe used to be again in a position to understand it and also to look after it. All of this must blend in to the spirit that we, Christians, turn towards Islam, carrying into it our cultura, spiritual gifts. Let’s go to it having a feeling of equality to pay for Islam an old debt. We won’t overstep the bounds of justice as we pay back what we should owe Islam by winning it over. We are true Christians only when we overlook the conditions of exchange, and that we give with regard to love and gratitude.”
The Arab-Islamic culture played its leading part within the best way possible in building world scientific renaissance. Arab and Moslem scholars translated Greek heritage along with other kinds of scientific heritage which in fact had preceded them ever into the Arabic language that was the language of science and culture. Arab and Moslem scholars left their mark about the European Renaissance. The imprint from the Arab-Islamic culture was predominant, noticeable and good at many scientific, intellectual and cultural fields. Arab and Muslim scholars invented the numerical system; the figure Zero; the decimal system; the idea of evolution-one century before Darwin; pulmonary circulation -three centuries before Harvey. They discovered gravity and also the relationship between weight, speed and distance severa1 centuries before Newton; they measured the rate of light, calculated the angles of reflection and refraction, computed the circumference of the world, and determined the length of heavenly bodies. They invented astronomical instruments, discovered ocean, and laid on the foundations of chemistry.
One might state that, in general, the Arab-Islamic culture was in the center between ancient sciences and cultures and also the European Renaissance. The Arab- Islamic thought and also the Arab-Islamic culture are chains of connected links extending from ancient civilizations -Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Chinese into the civi1izations of Greece and Alexandria -all the best way to the Islamic era whose scholars were relying on their predecessors and who, consequently, influenced people who followed them, namely the scholars from the European Renaissance. These scholars studied the whole shebang of their Arab counterparts within their books that have been translated into Latin and European languages.
The Arab-Islamic culture preserved the Greek culture and safeguarded it from loss and destruction. Been with them not been for Arab intellectuals and scholars, people will not have been able to obtain hold of many Greek works, the initial version which was lost. These works were preserved in Arabic. Free airline had been very busy staring at the Arab culture despite its prestige declined vacation, two or more generations later, until it reached present times. The Arab-Islamic culture fascinated a lot of Westerner, for translation from Arabic didn’t cease during and following the Renaissance in spite of the direct Connection with the Greek world and civilization by the middle of the thirteenth century A.D. when Greek books started to be translated straight into Latin without the aid of Arabic translations. The Arab culture had its worth and personality. It produced many anything which the Greek culture couldn’t produce in most fields: additions, commentaries, inventions, and Arab discoveries unknown towards the Greeks.
The translation movement in the Arab- Islamic culture, which helped Europe pullout from the dark Dark ages into the modern enlightened age, wasn’t confined to the translation of ancient knowledge only -Greek, Indian, Babylonian. and Egyptian -from Arabic books into Latin. Christian Europe also translated purely Arab knowledge and transferred patterns from Islamic civilization and from Islamic faith into its public and
private life. Had the Catholic Church not put the weight behind the Europeans within the Battle of Tours in l4 A.D. (732 Hegira), the Islamic civilization and also the Arab culture could have been prevalent in Europe since that young age and church might have spared the planet a long, grueling and bitter conflict.
The Arab-Islamic culture spread under western culture. European scholars quaffed from authentic Arab sources, and learned that they were an excellent scientific heritage. So that they studied and analyzed it. The Arabs and Moslems were the epitome of contemporary science in each and every sense of the term. They were the pioneers of modem scientific methods. In the Arab-Islamic culture. European intellectuals and scholars acquired not only information. They acquired scientific mentality, with all of its empirical and inductive character, for they based in the Arab-Islamic heritage the item of their long-cherished wish; they were, therefore, bent on spreading it.
It had been the dazzle from the magnitude of influence that the Arab-Islamic culture had on European Renaissance, culture and sciences which prompted a German thinker and scientist to be released openly using the truth and say: “That flourishing civilization, whose enlightenment had inundated Europe for a lot of centuries, is really amazing; with this civilization wasn’t an extension from the vestiges of past civilizations, or of local civilizational skeletons of some importance, or perhaps a borrowing from, or perhaps an imitation of the existing civilizational mode, as was the situation with other cradles of civilization far away in the East. It’s the Arabs who, using their culture, contrived this magnificent civilization.”
While Europe was buried within the darkness from the Middle Ages, the Islamic -civilization (the cradle from the Arab-Islamic culture) was at its apogee. Islam greatly led to the growth of science, medicine and philosophy. As Will Durant said in the book, Age Fai1h, “Moslems contributed effectively in most fields. A vicenna was among the greatest scientists in medicine, al-Razi a most eminent physician, al-Bayruni a most distinguished geographer, Ibn al-Haitham a most celebrated optics scientist, and Ibn Jabir a most well-known chemist.” Besides, the Arabs were the pioneers of education and teaching. About this point, Durant had this to express, “When Roger Bacon presented his theory in Europe five hundred years after Ibn Jabir, he explained that he was indebted towards the Maghrebis in Spain who took their knowledge in the Moslems in the East. European Renaissance thinkers and, scholars owed their advent, genius and progress towards the giants from the Islamic world.